As parents, we expect the baby’s first words with great impatience. Even if every child learns to speak at his or her tempo, we need to know that our child’s speech and language development is on track. Well, there are some general milestones that can help us knowing everything goes normal.
Baby’s speech develop in the first year
From the very first moment the babies learning to communicate. Their first form of it is crying – when they feel hungry, uncomfortable, or tired.
Around the end of 3 months, your baby might: seem to recognize your voice, make cooing sounds, smile when you appear, may have begun to recognize his or her name, make sounds back when you talk, cry differently for different needs.
Around the end of 6 months, your baby might: babble and make a variety of sounds, move his or her eyes in the direction of sounds, use his or her voice to express pleasure or displeasure, notice that some toys make sounds, and pay attention to music.
Around the end of 9 months, your baby might: babble sounds like “baba”, “dada” and “mama”, understands “no”, copies sounds, uses fingers or hands to point at things, respond to his or her name, look where you point and seem to recognize familiar people.
Around the end of 12 months, your baby might: understanding simple instructions like “come here” or “look here/there”, turns and look in the direction of sounds, try imitating sounds, recognize words for common items like “shoe” or “jacket”, say a few words like “mama” and “dada”.
Baby’s speech development after the first year
Around the end of 18 months, your child might: begin to use some words and knowing what they mean (usually 10 to 20 simple words), pointing and waving, understand and follow simple instructions, recognize names of familiar people, objects, and body parts.
Around the end of 24 months, your child might: speak about 50 or more single words, be able to put two words together and use simple phrases like “more milk”, making basic sentences, follow simple commands, understand simple questions.
Around the end of 36 months, your child might: start to get the hang of pronouns like “I” and “you”, using the word “no”, speak about 300 words, making simple sentences, ask you simple questions like “What” and “Who”, be able to have a simple conversation, be able to tell you his or her full name and perhaps his or her age.
Encourage your child to talk
Talk to your child as much as possible. The more we talk to our kids, the more new words they will learn, and the better they will talk. Talk to your child when you go through your daily routines – what you are doing and where you are going.
Use activities to help your child to make connections between actions and objects. Point things you see when you are at home or when you are out.
Simplify your speech when talking to your child. Use simple short sentences and always pronounce the words correctly even if your child does it wrong. I children’s heads the words sound right, but sometimes they need time to pronounce them correctly.
Give time to respond with gestures, smiles, or eye to eye contact.
Try talking in sentences that are about one word longer than the sentences your child is using. For example, if your child says “dog”, you could say “yes, a big dog”.
It also can give choices to your child. For example, you can ask him or her “Do you want apple or pear?” and could show both.
You can increase your child’s vocabulary by reading books together. Do it regularly, because like this your child will learn by listening to you talk about the pictures.
Sing songs together.
Teach your child to imitate actions like clapping or saying animal sounds.
Practice counting every time you can and have a good opportunity to do it.
Talk to your child as much as you can, but always remember that your kid learns to speak by imitating you.
Check with your child’s doctor about troubles learning to talk
Speak with your child’s doctor if your child hasn’t mastered most of the speech and language development milestones for his or her age. Check up with your doctor if you have any other concerns about the normal development of your child’s speech. Speech delays occur for many reasons like hearing loss and developmental disorders. Depending on the circumstances, your child’s doctor may refer you to another specialist.
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